Treatment Methods for Sepsis
Sepsis is the body’s intense response to an infection. Anybody can get an infection that can lead to sepsis, particularly if infections are not recognized or treated promptly. In such a case, a Portland septic shock attorney may be able to assist you or your loved one. In most situations, an infection is treated with antibiotics and other medical interventions in order to prevent the infection from worsening. However, if a person does develop sepsis, it is imperative that medical professionals work diligently to reverse the effects of the infection and stabilize the individual. But what is the treatment for sepsis?
Sepsis Treatment Options
After performing proper tests and determining that a person does indeed have sepsis, treatment will begin immediately. Early, comprehensive treatment raises the likelihood that a person will fully recover, but individuals with sepsis must be closely monitored and treated in an intensive care unit. The following are the most common types of sepsis treatment:
In managing sepsis, a combination of antibiotics, often more than one kind, is essential. These antibiotics are broad-spectrum, targeting multiple common bacteria, and are administered intravenously for rapid assimilation into the bloodstream, according to the Mayo Clinic.
IV Fluids and Therapy
IV fluids are crucial alongside antibiotics. They prevent a dangerous drop in blood pressure, which can lead to shock. Administering fluids intravenously allows healthcare professionals to precisely monitor and adjust fluid types and amounts. This is vital for maintaining organ function and minimizing sepsis-related damage. Common IV fluids include normal saline, a crystalloid solution containing minerals like sodium. Crystalloids, easily soluble in water, are often preferred due to their cost-effectiveness despite requiring higher volumes than colloids (thicker fluids like albumin) to achieve the same effect, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Specialized IVs, such as arterial lines, inserted directly into an artery for continuous blood pressure monitoring and easier blood sampling, and central lines, larger catheters placed in veins like those near the shoulder for more efficient fluid delivery, are also used.
Additional medications include corticosteroids, which can reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system, and vasopressors, prescribed for shock patients to constrict blood vessels and raise blood pressure.
Oxygen therapy, delivered via mechanical ventilators, masks, or nasal cannulas, is also common, ensuring adequate oxygen levels in the bloodstream. A pulse oximeter, placed on a finger, toe, or earlobe, monitors these oxygen levels.
In some cases, there may need to be a surgical intervention to remove dead or infected tissue or to resolve an underlying issue that has led to an infection.
Continued Supportive Care
Individuals who have sepsis may need continued supportive care either inside of a medical facility, rehab facility, or at home. This care will include continual monitoring by a medical professional until the person has recovered.
Working With an Attorney
If you or somebody you care about has developed sepsis and you think this condition developed due to the negligent actions of a medical provider, you should consult with a Portland medical malpractice attorney as soon as possible. Sepsis, often a preventable condition, can arise from improper medical care, such as delayed diagnosis, unsanitary practices, or inadequate treatment of infections. An attorney specializing in medical malpractice can help victims navigate the complex legal landscape, ensuring their rights are protected.